Enforced disappearance is an act that contravenes international law that potentially put an individual at risk of death, torture and other grave human rights violations. Recognizing the grave violation of human rights by the act of enforced disappearance, the Declaration on the Protection of all Persons from Enforced Disappearance was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly resolution 47/133 on 18 December 1992 [Full resolution can be found: Here (English) ]
On top of the established UN General Assembly resolution, there exist a separate convention on the matter, namely the International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance. The Convention defines ‘enforced disappearance’ as ‘the arrest, detention, abduction or any other form of deprivation of liberty by agents of the State or by persons or groups of person acting with the authorization, support or acquiescence of the State, followed by a refusal to acknowledge the deprivation of liberty or by concealment of the fate or whereabouts of the disappeared person, which place such a person outside the protection of the law‘
Malaysia is unfortunately not a party to the said convention which effectively puts Malaysia beyond the reach of the Committee on Enforced Disappearance. Fortunately, there is the Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearance (WGEID) which was established under resolution 20 (XXXVI) of 29 February 1980 with its mandate renewed by resolution adopted in the Human Rights Council in September 2014 (A/HRC/RES/27/1).
SUARAM and other concerned members of the civil societies came together on 5 May 2017 to form the Citizen Action Group on Enforced Disappearance (CAGED) in light of the series of kidnapping involving Amri Che Mat, Joshua Hilmi, Ruth Hilmi and Raymond Koh.
For those requiring assistance from CAGED. Please contact us through email at caged.helpline (@) gmail.com or our hotline at +6011 – 2424 4877).